Monday, 21 May 2018

ALG 15

We continue with Cartesian graphs for another week - sorry, bad planning! (But worth it, hopefully.)
In this week's tasks we foster a feel for graphs by 'adding' or 'subtracting' them. We begin with a visual approach, by focussing on the 'vertical' distance between two graphs - especially when this is zero, ie where the graphs intersect.
We go on to relate the visual to the symbolic by expressing the graphs symbolically and adding or subtracting the relations.
MONDAY: Here we have two linear functions, f(x) and g(x), though we don't know precisely what they are since the Cartesian axes have not been numbered. However, we can, for example, say that the graph of the new function y = f(x) – g(x) cuts the y axis at the same point as f(x) cuts the axis [Why?], and cuts the x axis directly below the point of intersection of the given graphs [Why?].
It is interesting to note that f(x) is not as steep as g(x). What does this tell us about the slope of y = f(x) – g(x)?
TUESDAY: Here we are given some feedback on Monday's task and have the opportunity to consolidate our earlier ideas.
We are are also given one of the functions in symbolic form which allows us to determine the scale of the axes and hence to represent all the other functions symbolically. We can thus link the symbolic with our earlier visual/numerical/analytic approach.
We can use the symbolic representations in various ways. For example, knowing that f(x) = x + 10 and that g(x) = 2x, we can state that y = f(x) – g(x) = x + 10 – 2x which simplifies to y = 10 – x. We can then use this symbolisation to check whether our original sketch (ie the purple line) is correct, or, we could derive the symbolisation from the sketch, given that we now can see that the purple line goes through points with coordinates (0, 10), (10, 0) and (20, -10)
In the case of the function y = f(x) + g(x), we can determine that its line will have a gradient of 3, on the basis that we are adding lines with gradients of 1 and 2, or on the basis that its equation will contain the terms x and 2x, whose sum is 3x.
WEDNESDAY: We try something more intuitive and more dramatic.